Dental caries penetrates the tooth by breaking down the hard tissues. After that a cavity is formed which is treated with filling, ensuring the longevity of the tooth, preventing the recurrence of caries.
Endodontic Treatment (Root Canal Treatment)
Management of Dental Fractures
Tooth fracture is a result of accidents in everyday life or during training, or a tooth and hard object collision. Also from clenching / grinding teeth during the night or during hard food chewing, even when teeth are used as cutting tools. Teeth with extended caries and endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) that are not protected by a dental crown are more prone. A fracture can include only the tooth’s crown, root, or a combination of both. Treatment depends on the extent of the fracture and unfortunately can lead to tooth loss.
Management of Tooth Abrasion
Abrasion is the loss of the dental hard tissue either due to friction between the teeth (bruxism due to stress, high caffeine consumption, incorrect occlusion) or due to their reaction with hard objects (incorrect brushing technique, pencil/nail biting etc.). Partial abrasion is normal due to aging, with no treatment required but is pathological in most cases, leading to tooth sensitivity, dental fractures, tooth mobility, bone resorption, temporomandibular joint dysfunction and unexplained headaches. Treatment is defined after diagnosis and is often confined to changing habits.
Management of Dental Erosion
Erosion is the progressive loss of dental material due to the effect of acids unrelated to dental caries. The most common reasons are consuming carbonated drinks, acid fruit juices, taking hydrochloric acid medications, contact with acids in the workplace and gastrointestinal disorders or individual caused vomits to lose weight. In the latter case, it is not uncommon for the dentist to be the first to discover it. The treatment depends again on the etiology.